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Bharat Ratna Award Recipient

Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award given by the government of India. The Bharat Ratna was instituted in 1954 and the first recepient were C rajagopalachari, S Radhakrishnan and C.V. Raman. Previously Bharat Ratna was given in the fields of art, science, literature and public services but after 2011 it can be given in any field of human endevour. The recipient of Bharat Ratna are the seventh in the order of precedence. The award constitutes of a certificate signed by the president of India and a medallion which is like a leaf of peepal. Sachin Tendulkar is the youngest person to receive Bharat Ratna.

Here is the list of people of who have received Bharat Ratna since 1954.


Year Name of Recipient Individuality 
1954 C Rajagoplachari Independence Activist, Last Governor General
S Radhakrishnan Philosopher, India’s First Vice President (1952-1962), and India’s Second President(1962-1967)
C.V. Raman Physicist , Nobel Prize Winner ( 1930 )
1955 Bhagwan Das Independence activist, author
M visevasarya Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
Jawahar lal Nehru Independence activist, author, First Prime Minister (1947-1964)
1957 Govind Ballabh Pant Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve Educator, social reformer
1961 Bidan Chandra Roy Physician, Chief Minister Of West Bengal
Purushottam Das Tandon Independence activist, educator
1962 Rajendra Prasad Independence activist, jurist, First President (1950-1962)
1963 Zakir Hussain Independence activist, Scholar, Third President (1967-1969)
Pandurang Vaman Kane Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
1966 Lal Bhahdur Shastri Posthumous, independence activist, Second Prime Minister (1964-1966)
1971 Indira Gandhi Third Prime Minister (1980-1984)
1975 V.V. Giri Trade unionist and Fourth President (1969)
1976 K. Kamaraj Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State
1980 Mother Teresa Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity
1983 Vinoba Bhave Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist
1987 Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan First non-citizen, independence activist
1988 M.G. Ramachandran Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
1990 B.R. Amedkar Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar
Nelson Mandela Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement
1991 Rajiv Gandhi Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister (1984-1989)
Vallabhbhai Patel Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister(1947-1950)
Morarji Desai Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister(1977-1979)
1992 Abul kalam Azad Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education
J.R.D. Tata Industrialist and philanthropist
Satyajit Ray Bengali Filmmaker
1997 Gulzarilal Nanda Independence activist, interim Prime Minister
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
Aruna Asaf Ali Posthumous, independence activist
1998 M.S. Subhalakshmi Carnatic classical singer
Chidambaran Subramaniam Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture
1999 Jayprakash Narayan Posthumous, independence activist and politician
Amratya Sen Economist
Gopinath Bordoloi Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam
Ravi Shankar Sitar Player
2001 Lata Mangeshkar Playback singer
Bismillah Khan Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player
2008 Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani Classical Singer
2014 C.N.R. Rao Chemist
Sachin Tendulkar Indian Cricketer, First Sportsman and Youngest Indian who got Bharat Ratna,
2015 Madan Mohan Malviya Educationist and politician
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Former Prime Minister of India (1996), (1998), (1999-2004)

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