Reservation in India is a never ending debate but what led to the reservations. Communal award and start of reservation in India is what happened before independence. The date was 4th of august and the year was 1932 when the British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald said that I am a friend of India and proposed separate electorates of different caste, for instance separate electorates for Forward caste,Lower caste, Muslims,Sikhs, the untouchables(Dalits) and the number of seats were based on the percentage of their population. This was actually the first time that someone talked about the Rights of the people of weaker sections of the society and they were now given the Right to vote. Mahatma Gandhi severely opposed this stating that this will disintegrate the Hindu society and started the lifelong fast in the Yerveda Jail. Communal award was supported by one and only B.R. Ambedkar and he said its necessary for the upliftment of weaker sections of society. Mahatma Gandhi ironically was ready to give separate electorates to Muslims and other religions but not within Hindu society. Mahatma Gandhi could not be convinced about it and huge discussions were held.
On 24th September 1932 in the Poona Pact, which was signed between B.R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya and a few other leaders so that Mahatma Gandhi could break the fast unto death. In the Poona Pact it was decided that there would be separate electorates for different religions in India. There would be only one Hindu electorate and the weaker sections would have seats reserved within. Mahatma Gandhi later gave the name Hari-jan sons of God to the weaker sections of the society. The questions is everyone is a son of god, this nomenclature by him actually separated these people and was also considered derogatory by some of the thinkers of that time.
It was the year 1954 when the Ministry of education in its report said there should be a reservation of around 20% for SC and ST class. It was actually the Mandal commission that changed the face of caste system in India. Mandal commission was assigned the task to collect the data of socially and economically backward classes, but the problem was there was no data for OBC(Other backward classes) so they used the 1931 population census. The Mandal commission said that the population of OBC is around 52% and it was decided and they were given a reservation of 27% in Public Sector and Union Bodies. It was in the year 1990 that these changes were made and the reservations came into effect. In 1992 supreme court said that the reservations should never exceed more than 50% and there should always be equality between different sections of the society.
The thing to understand here is that why was reservation came into force. When Mahatma Gandhi opposed the communal award and said it will disintegrate the Hindu society. If Hindu Society was so united then why equal rights were not given to everyone. If Hindu society was so united then why weaker sections were called as the Untouchables, Reservation came to end this ridiculous practice of discrimination. People say and speak that there should be no Reservation and it should be based on merit, My question is where were these people when crimes happened against the weaker sections of the society and it took a British prime minister to raise this concern and why no Indian stood up for this. Reservation would automatically end in India when Caste discrimination would come to end. Till the time even one person from the so called upper caste would look down upon weaker sections of the society, the Reservation would continue to 100 more years. If you want to stop reservation and then stop caste discrimination.