Great Indian Bustard has been the pride of India since the medieval time. India is a land of varied flora and fauna. Great Indian Bustard is also known as the Ostrich of India. Ardeotis nigriceps is the original name of Great Indian Bustard. The Bird is found in the adjoining regions of Rajasthan and in some parts of Pakistan. The sad part is that the Great Indian Bustard is in danger and is facing extinction. The species is on the critically endangered list and as per the 2011 figure only 250 are left. Great Indian Bustard is protected under the Wildlife Protection act 1972.
Great Indian Bustard is the largest bird and its height is around 1m which is around 3.25 feet. Historically the bird was found in all parts of India from Punjab to Tamil Nadu, but as of now it is scattered in parts of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. The favourable habitat of Great Indian Bustard is arid and semi arid areas and as per research it is noticed that it avoids irrigated areas. If we talk about the food habits of the bird then it is omnivorous. It eats Grasses, Insects , Rodents and reptiles.
Birdlife International in 2011 after recent survey mentioned that less than 250 in number are left for Great Indian Bustard and put it in Critically Endangered species. The main threat to Great Indian Bustard is hunting for meat,sport and recently poaching has also been found to be one of the reasons. The state government of Rajasthan Initiated the project Great Indian Bustard in 2013 on World Environment Day to protect the Great Bird and increasing the Breeding grounds of Ostrich of India. The government needs to take more steps to completely stop the hunting of the beautiful bird so that our future generations can see the Pride of Indian which is the Great Indian Bustard.