Maurya Empire is also called Mauryan Empire. It started from 322 B.C.E to 185 B.C.E and was the first in Indian history ruled by Mauryan dynasty. Maurayan dynasty was also known as a extensively iron and powerful age of the history. Origin of the Mauryan Empire starts from Magadha of modern Bihar and Eastern Utter Pradesh. Capital city of this empire was at Pataliputra which is near of modern Patna.
Origin of the empire
The history of Maurya Empire starts from Magadh which was ruled by Nanda Dynasty. Chanakya who is also known as Kauṭilya and Vishnugupta was a important minister in the court of Nanda rulers. He was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. He was offended by the king then he sworn to destroy their kingdom. He was searching for a brave person who has good quality for being a king. He met Chandragupta in the Vindhya forest who have these qualities. He taught, groomed and helped him to create and organize an army. With the help of Chanakya, Chandragupta got a big triumph on Nanda ruler and became the king of Magadha and Chanakya became the chief minister. He was also a Professor , advisor of Chandragupta.
Rulers of Maurya Empire
He was the founder of Maurya Empire and he established a strong centralized state with an administration at Pataliputra. He defeated Seleucus in the war.and finally concluded a peace treaty. His son Bindusara extended the rule of the Mauryan empire towards southern India.
Bindusar was the son of Chandragupta Maurya and queen Durdhara. Original name of him was Simhasena. There was a blueish spot (bindu) on his forehead at the time of birth. That’s why his name was Bindusara. He expended his empire towards southwards during his reign.
Ashoka the Great
Ashoka was a brilliant and brave commander who crushed revolts in Ujjain and Taxila. He was very ambitious and aggressive. His sovereignty was scattered around the southern and western India. He killed thousands of soldiers and civilians in the war of Kalinga. Then after he realizes his guilt and he did remorse for this incident and after that he changed, embraced the teaching of Buddhism and renounced war and violence. He expanded friendly relations with different states across Asia and Europe. He sponsored Buddhist missions and sent his son and daughter to different countries to the publicity of Buddhism religion. Ashoka was one of the most successful and famous monarchs in Indian history. Because of this Ashoka called as Ashoka the great.