It’s a honor for a person to achieve national awards and prizes in India in various fields and the details about the prizes in India are listed below.
GANDHI PEACE PRIZE
International Gandhi Peace Prize was started in 1995 by government of INDIA to pay tribute to the father of nation on his 125th anniversary. It is judged by the Prime Minister of INDIA and the leader of opposition party in lok sabha and by the chief justice of INDIA. It can be awarded to anyone regardless of country, race or religion who does exceptional work for humanity based on gandhian Principles. The first recipient was Julius Nyerere who was the first president of Tanzania.
Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award after Bharat Ratna and it was started in 2nd January 1954. It is given by the president of INDIA for distinguished National Service in any field. Originally it was named as ‘pahela varg’ of the three awards of this name but later the name was changed. The first recipients were S.N. Bose, Nand Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji, V.K. Krishna Menon.
Padma Bhushan is the third highest Civilian award after Bharat Ratna and padma Vibhushan and it was also started in 2nd January 1954. Padma Bhushan is awarded by the president of INDIA on the occasion of republic day every year.
Padma Shri is the fourth Highest civilian award after Bharat ratna, Padma Vibhushan and padma shri. It was started in 2nd January 1954 and is given for distinguished service in Arts, Education, Science, Literature, Industry, Sports, Medicine, Social Science and public affairs.
PARAM VIR CHAKRA
Param Vir Chakra is the highest honor of INDIAN army and is awarded for bravery and self sacrifice for the nation. It was established on 26th January 1950 and Param Vir Chakra replaced Victoria Cross established under British regime. The medal was designed by savitri Khanolkar and it consist of a circular bronze metal disc of 3.49cm in diameter with the national emblem embedded in the center and which is surrounded by four vajra(weapon used by indra the ancient Indian god).
MAHA VIR CHAKRA
Maha Vir Chakra is awarded for the acts of bravery in a war to all the aspects be on land water or air. It is the second highest military award after Param Vir Chakra. It was established on 26th January 1950. It consists of a silver medal with chakra in the center and five stars pointing outwards and with the National emblem in the middle of Chakra and on the flip side it has two lotus and Mahavir Chakra written in Devanagri script.
Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of bravery in a battlefield. It was first instituted in 1952 and it comes third in precedence after Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra. The ribbon of the medal is of blue and orange colour. The medal is a silver medal which has a chakra in the middle with five pointing stars outwards and in the middle of the chakra National Emblem is embedded.
Ashok Chakra is a peace time gallantry award and it was instituted on 4th January 1952. It is considered as the equivalent of Param Vir Chakra. It consists of a gold medal with Ashok Chakra in the middle and decorated with lotus edges. The ribbon is a green strip with saffron lining in the middle.
Kirti Chakra is a peacetime equivalent of Maha Vir Chakra. It can be awarded to anyone be it a military person or a civilian. It is second in precedence after Ashok Chakra. It was established on 4th January 1952. It is a silver medal with chakra in the middle and decorative lotus edges. The ribbon is a dark green ribbon with two saffron stripes in the middle.
Shaurya Chakra is the peacetime equivalent of Vir chakra and it can be awarded to military persons as well as civilians. It was instituted on 4th January 1952 and consists of a bronze medal with chakra in the middle and lotus edges that surrounds it and the ribbon is a dark green ribbon with three saffron stripes in it.
RAJIV GANDHI KHEL RATNA AWARD
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is the highest honour in the field of sports. The award is named after late India Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The award consist of a medal and a cash prize of INR 750000. Vishawanathan Anand was the first recipient of this award. It was instituted by the government of INDIA in 1991.
Arjuna Award is given for excellence in the field of sports. The award consist of a bronze statuette of arjuna and a cash prize of INR 500000. It was instituted by the government of INDIA in 1961. The criteria of arjuna award is that the person should of excelled in his or her sports for the last 3 years and must have qualities of leadership, sportsmanship and discipline.
Dronacharya Award is equivalent to arjuna award, as dronacharya was the teacher or coach of Arjuna so this award is given for excellence in the field of sports coaching. The award consists of a bronze statuette of Dronacharya and a cash prize of INR 500000. It was instituted by the government of INDIA in 1985.
Dhyanchand Award is given for the lifetime achievement in sports. The award was instituted by government of INDIA in 2002. The award is named after the great INDIAN hockey player Dhyanchand. The award consists of a scroll and a cash prize of INR 500000.